Selfishness is the most serious shortcoming of country people. That is the opinion of those intelectuals who advocate rural reconstruction. When we think of selfishness, we think of the proverb "Eash person should sweep the snow from his own doorsteps and should not fret about the frost on his neighbor's roof." No one would deny that this proverb is one of the Chinese creeds. Actually, this attitude is held not only by country people but also by city people. The person who only sweeps the snow from his own door is still regarded as having high social ethics.